Prophetic Scripture Subject Fulfilled
There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this. (Isaiah 9:7) heir to the throne of David “He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and His kingdom will have no end.” (Luke 1:32-33)
THE ‘THRONE OF DAVID’ IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
In the days of Samuel the prophet/priest/judge, the elders of national Israel asked Samuel to make a king to judge and reign over them because Samuel had gotten old in years and his sons that he had set up as judges didn’t walk in his righteous ways but instead lusted after money, took bribes, and perverted judgment (1 Samuel 8:3-5).
Samuel was displeased at this request of the elders of Israel (1 Samuel 8:6), and he prayed to the LORD in order to know what his God thought about this request. Here is what the LORD answered to Samuel…
“And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.” (1 Samuel 8:7 KJV)
The LORD GOD was the King over national Israel, but the elders of national Israel weren’t satisfied with this. They wanted to be like the pagan nations and have an earthly representative of authority, a ‘king figure,’ to judge and reign over them.
Samuel was not pleased at this request, and the LORD told Samuel that they weren’t rejecting Samuel, but in this request they were rejecting the LORD GOD Himself to reign over them. This establishes the fact that the Lord God was the first King of Israel, and later He would appear in flesh as Jesus Christ in the seed of David as their last King, promised in Psalms 132:11.
Samuel the prophet later received instruction from God and anointed a man named Saul to be the first king over national Israel. This marks the beginning of the reign of kings in the nation of Israel. God allowed this ‘king system,’ but not without a stern warning.
Notice that for national Israel and its king to dwell in the blessings and favor of God, things were very conditional, contrary to the opinions and theories of some today.
If the Israelites did wickedly by being unbelieving and disobedient, in rebellion against the Law of the LORD, then the nation of Israel and its king would be consumed (1 Samuel 12:24-25 compare with Deuteronomy 28:15).
Saul later committed sins of disobedience in rejecting the Word of the LORD, and as a result was rejected from being king over national Israel by the LORD (1 Samuel 15:23, 26, 16:1). During Saul’s reign, Samuel the prophet was sent to the town of Bethlehem in Judah to anoint another king to reign in replacement of Saul.
This king was a man named David, a shepherd of the sheep. Through several ordeals, wars, and political intrigues, David becomes king over Israel and his throne is first set up (2 Samuel 3:10).
This David was a man after God’s own heart (Acts 13:22), and ruled in the will of the LORD his God for a span of 40 years as the king over Israel, establishing the nation with judgment and justice (2 Samuel 8:15 and 1 Kings 2:10-11). David worked righteousness in the nation of Israel.
He did not turn aside from anything that the LORD GOD commanded him as king all the days of his life, except in the matter of Uriah the Hittite which was when he had Uriah murdered after committing adultery with Bathsheba, Uriah’s wife (1 Kings 15:5).
King David being a man after God’s own heart (Acts 13:22) and a king that walked in the will of God according to His Law, was promised by God that a man of his seed would not fail to reign upon the throne in Israel forever (1 Kings 8:25, 1 Kings 9:5, 2 Chronicles 6:16, 2 Chronicles 7:18), as long as they walked in the Law of the Lord.
After taking the Kingdom of Israel from Saul, God established the throne of David, a man after His own heart. The Kingship in Israel would forever be after this man’s flesh and blood.
If the children of Israel and the king would forsake the Law of the LORD, then they would be cut-off from even the land that was promised them, which they inhabited (1 Kings 9:6-9).
Of course the ancient warning against Israel that the nation and the king would be consumed if they did wickedly in the sight of the LORD still applied (1 Samuel 12:24-25/Deuteronomy 28:15).
Thus began the ‘royal bloodline’ of King David. All subsequent legitimate kings in Israel would descend from this ‘royal bloodline.’ The next king in Israel was Solomon, David’s Son. Solomon’s reign began well and he was the king who built a temple for the God of Israel (Acts 7:47).
When Solomon was old, his pagan wives turned him to other gods and he became an apostate, building idols to the gods of his wives (1 Kings 11:4-9).
THE INHERITANCE OF THE ‘THRONE OF DAVID’ BY THE COMING KING OF ISRAEL IN BIBLE PROPHECY
As the years passed by, there were more wicked kings ruling over Israel upon the ‘throne of David’ than there were righteous kings. So the LORD began to speak to the people of Israel thorough the mouths of the Prophets about a coming righteous Ruler upon the ‘throne of David.’
This Ruler would be the King of Israel and heir to David’s throne that would establish the nation with judgment and with justice, just like His father David did before Him in ancient times (Isaiah 9:6-7).
It was also prophesied that this Ruler in Israel was to be born in Bethlehem, the city where David lived (Micah 5:2/John 7:42) and where David was first visited and anointed by Samuel the prophet (1 Samuel 16:4, 12-13) in ancient times.
Another prophecy foretold that this King would come to Zion/Jerusalem having Salvation and riding on an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass (Zechariah 9:9 compare with Matthew 21:5).
When this King and Lawgiver came from out of Judah, all of the people of Israel were instructed by their father Jacob (Israel) to be obedient and to gather unto this ‘Shiloh’ (Messiah, Strong’s Concordance #7886) as it is written in Genesis 49:10.
THE JEWISH UNDERSTANDING
The Jewish understanding of these prophecies was that they pointed to the ‘Christ,’ or ‘Messiah,’ which means ‘the anointed one.’ This man would be of the royal lineage of King David, and restore righteousness to His people, the nation of Israel.
This Christ would be the ‘King of Israel,’ and thus inherit the ‘throne of David.’ Another ‘Messianic title’ of this man was ‘the Son of God.’
Thus the Jewish understanding was that the titles ‘Son of God,’ ‘Christ (Messiah),’ ‘Shiloh,’ and ‘The King of Israel’ all described the same man, the One who would inherit the ‘throne of David’ and govern national Israel in righteousness.
The following Scriptures will illustrate the Jewish understanding that all of these titles which I have mentioned were used interchangeably in thought to describe the same figure (Matthew 16:16, Matthew 26:63, Mark 14:61, Mark 15:32, Luke 9:20, Luke 23:2, John 1:41, John 1:49, John 4:25, John 6:69, John 11:27, and John 20:31), the King of Israel who would inherit the ‘throne of David’ and rule national Israel.
To the Jewish people of national Israel, to whom these prophecies were given, the title ‘Son of God’ did not mean the ‘second person’ in a ‘trinity of persons who are each called God,’ but simply described ‘Christ.’
JESUS OF NAZARETH INHERITS THE ‘THRONE OF DAVID’ THROUGH THE ROYAL LINEAGE OF KING DAVID BY MARY
Months before the birth of Jesus who is called Christ the Son of God, the angel Gabriel announces to Mary in Luke 1:31-33 that she will give birth to the King of Israel who will be given ‘the throne of his father David’ by the LORD GOD. Luke 1:33 is key in understanding what this means.
“And he shall reign over the house of Jacob (Israel) forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.” (Luke 1:33 KJV)
This Word from our LORD delivered by the angel Gabriel lets us understand that Jesus was the King of Israel, pronounced to be so even before His Birth! Now remember that in order for a man to qualify being the King of Israel and heir to David’s throne, his lineage back to King David had to be proven.
That is the purpose of Luke 3:23-38, which captures the royal lineage of Jesus through Mary all the way back over a long list of Kings which began with Adam, the first man. David is mentioned in v. 31.
Since Joseph was not Jesus’ biological father, we know that Jesus couldn’t inherit the legal right to Kingship of the ‘throne of David’ from the line of Joseph because He is not of Joseph’s bloodline. Jesus is, however, born of a woman and is the seed of a woman (Genesis 3:15/Galatians 4:4), so therefore could inherit the Kingship of the ‘throne of David’ through the royal lineage of King David by His mother Mary of the tribe of Judah.
The New Testament records two genealogies (lineages) that reference Jesus Christ in the Gospels. The first is found in Matthew 1:1-17 and the second is found in Luke 3:23-38. Some teach and believe that these two are one in the same genealogy. However, a close examination of the facts will prove that these are two different genealogies! Notice that the genealogy in Matthew traces this particular bloodline through Solomon to David.
“And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;”
(Matthew 1:6 KJV)
Also notice how the genealogy in Luke is different from the Matthew genealogy, and traces this particular bloodline through Nathan to David.
“…which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David…which was the son of Jesse…”
(Luke 3:31-32 KJV) (Abridged)
The sons and daughters of King David are listed in 2 Samuel 5:12-16, and the names of both Solomon AND Nathan are on this list of sons and daughters of King David in 2 Samuel 5:14. Since Nathan and Solomon are clearly not the same person, then the genealogies in Matthew 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23-38 cannot be the same genealogy!
So these must be the genealogies of Joseph AND Mary, because both different genealogies cannot be that of the same person. So which genealogy is that of Joseph, and which genealogy is that of Mary?
Confused yet? Don’t be, because this is actually very simple!
The Scripture Matthew 1:16 is plain and states that the genealogy given in the book of Matthew is that of Joseph the husband of Mary. Now we know by two indisputable facts that this Matthew genealogy is not the lineage that Jesus inherited the ‘throne of David’ from to be King of Israel.
1. Joseph is not the father of Jesus, but Jesus was conceived of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 1:18/Matthew 1:20). Jesus did not descend from Joseph according to the flesh, so therefore the ‘throne of David’ inheritance by Jesus as the King of Israel could not come from Joseph’s bloodline, the bloodline listed in Matthew 1:1-17. This is because the inheritance of the ‘throne of David’ by the Christ was to be a bloodline inheritance, only to one of the royal lineage of King David (Refer to Psalms 132:11 and compare with Acts 2:29-30).
2. Joseph’s genealogy has a history of idolatrous kings in Israel, and this list of idolatrous kings began with Solomon (1 Kings 11:4-9). There is another king in this genealogy named Jechonias (Matthew 1:11), whose father’s name is Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 36:1). This king burned the scroll containing the prophecy of Jeremiah against Israel for her sins of idolatry. As punishment for this abomination that the king committed against the Word of the Lord by Jeremiah, that particular bloodline from David through Solomon to Jehoiakim and to king Jehoiakim’s seed onward after him would have none to inherit the ‘throne of David’ (Jeremiah 36:1-3, Jeremiah 36:27-31). King Jechonias was also cursed in Jeremiah 22:24-30 as his father was. Therefore, rightful heir-ship of the ‘throne of David’ to be Israel’s King could not come from the Matthew 1:1-17 genealogy upon any.
Now that we see plainly that the inheritance of the ‘throne of David’ to be King of Israel could not come to Jesus Christ from Joseph’s bloodline in Matthew 1:1-17, this leaves us with the Luke 3:23-38 genealogy of Mary to deal with. It is easily proven that the Luke 3 genealogy is that of Mary.
In Biblical times, it was customary in listing genealogies to use the name of the husband, and the Luke genealogy of Mary holds true to this. Hence, the father of Joseph in Matthew 1:16 is a man by the name of Jacob.
However, in Luke 3:23, a man named Heli is listed as the father of Joseph. We know in Matthew 1:16 that Joseph’s father is a man named Jacob, so how can Luke 3:23 be accurate? How can a man have two dads? The answer to the above is simple.
Heli is Joseph’s ‘father-in-law’ by marriage to Mary. That is how a man can have ‘two dads,’ a father and a ‘father-in-law.’
So although according to custom in the Biblical times of recording genealogies, Joseph’s name is mentioned in Luke 3:23, it is nevertheless the genealogy of Mary.
This means that Mary was of that ‘royal bloodline’ and lineage of King David, and the ‘throne of David’ was with her and ready to be inherited by her firstborn Son, which was Jesus!
Jesus of Nazareth legally inherited the ‘throne of David’ according to His flesh through the ancient ‘royal bloodline’ of King David by His mother Mary. The LORD GOD gave this ‘throne of David’ to Jesus at Birth. This made Jesus of Nazareth the King (Ruler) over the entire nation of Israel, and of His reign there shall be no end (Luke 1:31-33).
Those Israelites of national Israel that rejected His reign were cut-off from among the people Israel. That is why the Apostle Paul teaches us that they are not all Israel, which are of Israel. Only the children of the promise, New Covenant believers in Jesus Christ, are counted for the seed. Romans 9:6-8 compare with Galatians 4:28 will establish the afore mentioned Truth.
Those Israelites of national Israel that accepted His reign are the true seed of Abraham, the Israel of God: His Israel, His Body, His Kingdom, His one sheepfold, His household of faith, His faithful and virtuous Bride which is His Church. The Gentiles (‘nations’) were later added by being grafted into this obedient and believing remnant Israel of God.
They too became of this Israel of God, which is the Good Olive Tree of Romans Chapter 11. Thus these Gentiles also became the seed of Abraham, the children of God by faith in Jesus Christ, according to Galatians 3:21-29 and Galatians 6:15-16.
These believers in Jesus Christ, who have been obedient to His Gospel of the New Covenant by grace through faith as found in Acts 2:4/Acts 2:38 (Jews) and Acts 10:44-48 (Gentiles), are now joint-heirs according to the promise (Romans 8:17). King Jesus reigns NOW upon the ‘throne of David’ over His Church, which is the Kingdom of God (Kingdom of Heaven).
Thus, Jesus Christ is the King of Israel over the Israel of God, His Israel.
Response : Reign on, reign on, King Jesus, your Elect Saints praise and worship you now and forevermore! Power, honor, and glory to the Lamb!
Dispensationalists can dispute all day long that you are not currently reigning upon the throne of your father David over the house of Jacob, but the Bible is against them and their lies. We know that you were ‘born King.’ Amen.
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