Day 5 Athens/Corinth

Ancient Corinth

Ancient Corinth (Photo credit: Ronny Siegel)

Our morning excursion out of Athens takes us by the Saronic  Gulf where in 480BC history’s root was changed! The Grecian fleet managed to defeat the enormously powerfiul armada of the Persians. From here via the historic Corinthian Canal, we arrive at ancient Corinth.(Acts 18:1-18). It was to this megalopolis where the Apostle Paul came and worked, established a thriving church, sending two of his epistles now part of the New Testament.

Map of area around ancient Lecaheum, near Cori...

Map of area around ancient Lecaheum, near Corinth. The Corinthian Canal has been erased from the map. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here we see all the sites associated with his ministry : the Agora, the temple of Apollo, the Roman Odeon, the Bema and Gallio’s Seat. The small archaeological museum here is an absolute  must. W e drive back to Athens and enjoy visit to the National Archaeological Museum which displays finds from all parts of the ancient Greek world that date from the Neolithic times to the last years of the Roman Empire. We enjoy a panoramic sightseeing drive viewing the highlights of modern Athens; we pass by the tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Parliament House, Pan Athenian Stadium, Temple of Olympian Zeus, the Academy, the University and the National Library. Our tour ends with a visit to nearby Mars’ Hill (or Areaopagus) (Acts 17:22) where the Apostle Paul delivered his well-known sermon. Our tour ends with the return to the hotel for dinner and overnight.

Bema

Bema (Photo credit: nathangibbs)

Ancient Corinth, urban street

Ancient Corinth, urban street (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Athens

Athens (Photo credit: theworldscreams)

Raphael, St Paul Preaching in Athens

Raphael, St Paul Preaching in Athens (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Corinth Canal: Greece

Corinth Canal: Greece (Photo credit: `Jenna`)

Ancient Corinth, Apollo temple

Ancient Corinth, Apollo temple (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

"ÁGORA"

“ÁGORA” (Photo credit: María Lidón)

Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning around 3,400 years.

Wikipedia
Area: 412 km²
Weather: 29°C, Wind S at 10 km/h, 33% Humidity
Local time: Saturday 2:27 pm
The sprawling city is bounded on three sides by Mt Ymettos, Mt Parnitha and Mt Pendeli; whilst inside Athens are twelve hills [the seven historical are: Acropolis, Areopagus, Hill of Philopappus, Observatory Hill (Muses Hill), Pnyx, Lycabettus, Tourkovounia (Anchesmus)], the Acropolis and Lykavittos being the most prominent. These hills provide a refuge from the noise and commotion of the crowded city streets, offering amazing views down to Saronic Gulf, Athens’ boundary with the Aegean Sea on its southern side. The streets of Athens (clearly signposted in Greek and English) now meld imperceptibly into Piraeus, the city’s ancient (and still bustling) port.

Olympic Games

The Olympic Velodrome at the Athens Olympic Sports Complex

Athens hosted the 2004 Summer Olympic Games. While most of the sporting venues were located outside the city proper -in various locations throughout Attica- the entire urban area of Athens underwent major lasting changes that have improved the quality of life for visitors and residents alike. Aside from the excellent transportation infrastructure that was completed in time for the 2004 Olympics (from new freeways to light rail systems), the city’s historic center underwent serious renovation. Most notable among the city’s facelift projects are the Unification of Archaelogical Sites -which connects the city’s classical-era ruins and monuments to each other through a network of pleasant pedestrianized streets- File:Plaka District.jpg

and the restoration of the picturesque neoclassicalThissio and Pláka districts.

Athens offers some of the best and worst urban walking in Europe. Several major streets have been recently pedestrianized, and a mostly car-free archeological walk which starts at Vasilisis Amalias Street, passes in front of the New Acropolis Museum, Acropolis, Herodion Theatre, Thiseio (Apostolou Pavlou Str), Ermou Street and ends at the popular area of Kerameikos (Gkazi) where numerous bars and clubs are located. Pleasant walking can also be had in Plaka, especially its upper reaches, and in much of Kolonaki, and the National Garden can provide a welcome respite from the heat and noise of the city center. On the other hand, Athens’ horrendous traffic can make crossing the street in many areas a hair-raising proposition, and even walking down many major streets can be an unpleasant experience of noise and pollution. Cars and motorbikes parked blocking the sidewalks (illegal but ubiquitous) can also make a stroll difficult. Fortunately, much of the traffic-plagued area of the city can be avoided by judicious use of the new Metro, which goes most places a visitor would want to see or to walk around in.

Corinth (Greek Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) ([ˈkorinθos] ( listen)) is a city and former municipality inCorinthiaPeloponneseGreece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipalityCorinth, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] It is the capital of Corinthia.Located about 78 kilometres (48 mi) southwest of Athens,

It was founded as Nea Korinthos or New Corinth in 1858 after an earthquake destroyed the existing settlement of Corinth, which had developed in and around the site of ancient Corinth.

Main article: Corinth Canal

The canal cuts through the Isthmus.

The Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the western Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, is about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) east of the city, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth that connects the Peloponnesian peninsula to the Greek mainland, thus effectively making the former an island. The builders dug the canal through the Isthmus at sea level; no locks are employed. It is 6.4 kilometres (4.0 mi) in length and only 21.3 metres (70 ft) wide at its base, making it impassable for most modern ships. It now has little economic importance.

The canal was mooted in classical times and an abortive effort was made to build it in the 1st century AD. Construction finally got underway in 1881 but was hampered by geological and financial problems that bankrupted the original builders. It was completed in 1893, but due to the canal’s narrowness, navigational problems and periodic closures to repair landslips from its steep walls, it failed to attract the level of traffic anticipated by its operators. It is now used mainly for tourist traffic.

Corinth is mentioned many times in the New Testament, largely in connection with Paul the Apostle’s mission there. Traditionally, the church of Corinth is believed to have been founded by Paul, making it anApostolic See.

Under the Romans, Corinth was rebuilt as a major city in Southern Greece or Achaia. It had a large mixed population of Romans, Greeks, and Jews.

When the apostle Paul first visited the city (AD 51 or 52), Gallio, the brother of Seneca, was proconsul. Paul resided here for eighteen months (see Acts 18:1–18). Here he first became acquainted with Priscilla and Aquila with whom he worked and travelled.

Paul wrote at least two epistles to the Christian community, the First Epistle to the Corinthians (written from Ephesus) and the Second Epistle to the Corinthians (written from Macedonia). The first Epistle occasionally reflects the conflict between the thriving Christian church and the surrounding community.

Some scholars believe that Paul visited Corinth for a brief intermediate “painful visit” (see 2Corinthians 2:1), between the first and second epistles. After writing the second epistle he stayed in Corinth for about three months[Acts 20:3] in the late winter, and there wrote his Epistle to the Romans.[42]

Based on clues within the Corinthian epistles themselves some scholars have concluded that Paul wrote possibly as many as four epistles to the church at Corinth.[43] Only two of them, the First and Second Epistles to the Corinthians, are contained within the Canon of Holy Scripture. An apocryphal Third Epistle to the Corinthians was rejected from the canon.

Acrocorinth, the acropolis[edit source | editbeta]

The walled gates of Acrocorinth.

Acrocorinthis, the acropolis of ancient Corinth, is a monolithic rock that was continuously occupied from archaic times to the early 19th century. The city’s archaic acropolis, already an easily defensible position due to its geomorphology, was further heavily fortified during the Byzantine Empire as it became the seat of the strategos of the Thema of Hellas. Later it was a fortress of the Franks after the Fourth Crusade, the Venetians and the Ottoman Turks. With its secure water supply, Acrocorinth’s fortress was used as the last line of defense in southern Greece because it commanded the isthmus of Corinth, repelling foes from entry into the Peloponnesian peninsula. Three circuit walls formed the man-made defense of the hill. The highest peak on the site was home to a temple to Aphrodite which was Christianized as a church, and then became a mosque. The American School began excavations on it in 1929. Currently, Acrocorinth is one of the most important medieval castle sites of Greece.

 My  Prayer – The greatness of man and idols and learning, stand small in comparison  to Almighty God. Paul’s letters today are accepted as part of the inspired Word of God provi ding the guidance we need for living for You dear Lord. May we be encouraged to persevere in the midst of conflicts within and without the church,  growing in grace, love, faith and bearing the fruit of the Holy Spirit to Your glory. Amen.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Corinth#Biblical_Corinth

 

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About ptl2010

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2 Responses to Day 5 Athens/Corinth

  1. Thank you for taking time on your travels to share with us.

  2. ptl2010 says:

    It was a lovely drive to and from Corith from Athens today. Paul lived at Corith with Acqiilla and Priscilla working as a tent- maker as well as spending much time preaching the gospel at the acropolis of Corinth,

    He spoke about the Christian with reference to things which were commonly understandable by the Conthians in his letters to them:

    – christians as jars of clay in the Potter’s hand – as Corinth was a major exporter of clay products
    – seeing through a glass darkly -Corinth was also exporting bronze products which included bronze pan- handles contraptions in highly polished bronze, which filled with water would reflect the face darkly.
    – the church as a body of parts – the cult of Asclepius grew very popular and pilgrims flocked to his healing temples (Asclepieia) to be cured of their ills after which infected body parts would be studied and testimonies of healing made.

    Paul faced much opposition for his preaching but was given wisdom from The Lord to understand the times and applied faith in those circumstances when he had to remain faithful to decipher what was truth in daily life applications. May The Lord grant us too the discernment of faith and truth in our everyday living.

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